RMS has estimated that insured losses from The Camp and Woolsey Wildfires in California are expected to reach between $9 billion and $13 billion.
The estimate includes property and auto damage, including burn and smoke damage, business interruption (BI), additional living expenses (ALE), and contents loss, with $7.5-$10 billion from the Camp wildfire in northern California and $1.5-$3 billion from the Woolsey wildfire in southern California.
The Camp and Woolsey events were among 15 fires that broke out in early November, 2018. The Camp and Woolsey Fires have currently burned a combined total of 245,000 acres, destroyed more than 12,000 homes and businesses, and killed 80 people.
The Camp Fire is the most destructive fire in California history, with more than 11,000 structures burned and currently 77 fatalities. This fire season represents the second consecutive year with more than $10 billion in insured wildfire loss, RMS noted.
While the fuel landscape between the two fires differs significantly, with heavy forestry characterising the Camp Fire and shrubland in the Woolsey Fire, both developed under dangerous conditions that favour quick fire spread: low moisture, abnormally high temperatures, dry vegetation, and intense seasonal winds. Both travelled quickly through steep, hilly, vegetated terrain.
The town of Paradise, CA, which suffered the worst losses of the Camp Fire, has narrowly avoided catastrophic wildfires many times over the past 20 years. Thirteen large fires since 1999 have burned inside the current footprint of the Camp Fire.
The Woolsey Fire, igniting in Ventura County and jumping the Highway 101 before spreading to Malibu, resulted in over 250,000 evacuations and burned more than 1,450 high value properties.
The area around the Woolsey Fire shares a similar, if less stark, history of frequent fires. Six large fires since 1999 intersect the Woolsey footprint. Going back to 1993, the Old Topanga Wildfire, which caused almost $1 billion in today’s dollars, occurred immediately next where the Woolsey fire is currently burning.
“Wildfire is now a major catastrophe risk that must be rigorously managed with the best data and model science,” said Mohsen Rahnama, chief risk modelling officer at RMS. “With increasing exposure due to properties near wildland areas and ongoing climate variability, insurers, policymakers, and homeowners must adapt to the prospect of more frequent and severe wildfires.”
“In the wake of consecutive record-breaking wildfire seasons, we are hopeful that more focus will be placed on fire mitigation, safe construction practices, and community resilience. The forthcoming RMS HD Wildfire model, developed in partnership with leading insurers and fire experts, represents a step change in measuring wildfire risk, with a 50,000-year climate simulation, explicit ember and smoke simulations, and a vulnerability module calibrated on hundreds of millions of dollars of claims data. We are confident the model will contribute to the creation of safer communities that promote fire safety and awareness.”
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